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Xi Jinping: Speeches at the 19th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the 14th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Engineering
Source: Original Author: bangongshi Published: 2018-06-07 08:25:07

Speeches at the 19th Academician Meeting of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the 14th Academician Meeting of the Chinese Academy of Engineering

(May 28, 2018)

Xi Jinping

Fellow academicians, comrades, friends:

Today, the 19th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the 14th Academician Conference of the Chinese Academy of Engineering were grandly opened. This is a grand event convened by the Chinese science and technology community after the 19th National Congress of the CPC. First of all, on behalf of the Party Central Committee, I extend my warm congratulations to the convening of the conference! Sincere greetings to and from all science and technology workers across the country!

The 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China has put forward the strategic task of adhering to and developing socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era, drawing up a grand blueprint for building China into a socialist modern power, and starting a new journey to realize the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation. To achieve the great goal of building a strong socialist modernized country and the Chinese dream of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, we must have strong scientific and technological strength and innovative capabilities.

Since the 18th CPC National Congress, we have summarized the development of China ’s science and technology undertakings, observed the general trend, planned the overall situation, deepened reforms, and made all-out efforts to promote the historic changes and historic achievements in China ’s science and technology undertakings.

——We adhere to the party's leadership in science and technology, improve the party's leadership system in science and technology work, give play to the party's leadership political advantages, and deepen our understanding of the laws of innovation and development, the laws of science and technology management, and the laws of talent growth. The foundation provides a strong political guarantee for the development of science and technology in China.

——We adhere to the goal of building a strong country in science and technology in the world, improve the national innovation system, strengthen the strategic support of building a strong country in science and technology for the building of a socialist modernized country, grasp the opportunities for global competition in science and technology, and take the lead in the frontier areas and strive to advance. Higher-level and larger-scale play the leading role of scientific and technological innovation.

——We adhere to the path of independent innovation with Chinese characteristics, insisting that innovation is the primary driving force, insisting on innovation is to grasp development, and innovation is to seek the future, and to clarify the main directions and breakthroughs of China's scientific and technological innovation, and strive to achieve major breakthroughs in key areas and key technologies. Major innovation indicators have entered the forefront of the world.

——We insist on invigorating innovation with deepening reforms, launching a series of major measures for reforming the scientific and technological system, strengthening the integration of innovation-driven system capabilities, opening up channels for technological and economic and social development, continuously unleashing innovation potential, accelerating the accumulation of innovation elements, and improving the overall national innovation system efficacy.

——We adhere to the essence that innovation-driven is talent-driven. We emphasize that talent is the first resource for innovation. We continuously improve the environment for talent development, stimulate the creative energy of talents, and vigorously cultivate a large number of strategic scientific and technological talents and technological leaders with global vision and international standards. , Young scientific and technological talents and high-level innovation teams.

——We persist in integrating into the global science and technology innovation network, establish a sense of community for the future of mankind, deeply participate in the governance of global science and technology innovation, take the initiative to initiate global innovation issues, and comprehensively improve the globalization level and international influence of China's science and technology innovation. China's contribution to world science and technology innovation The rate has increased significantly, and China has become an increasingly important pole in the global innovation landscape.

In recent years, under the strong leadership of the Party Central Committee and the joint efforts of the national science and technology community and all sectors of society, China's science and technology undertakings have been intensively intensified and leapfrogged, realizing major changes in history, integrity, and structure, and major innovation achievements have emerged in tandem. Some cutting-edge directions have begun to enter the parallel and leading stages, and scientific and technological strength is in an important period of leap from qualitative accumulation to qualitative breakthrough, and point breakthroughs to the improvement of system capabilities.

——We focus on promoting basic research and applied basic research. Chemistry, materials, physics and other disciplines are among the highest in the world. Iron-based superconducting materials maintain the highest international transition temperature. Quantum anomalous Hall effect and multiphoton entanglement lead the world. Neutrino oscillation , Stem cells, cynomolgus monkeys using somatic cells to achieve important original breakthroughs, Goku, Mozi, Wisdom, carbon satellite and other series of scientific experimental satellites successfully launched, 500 meters caliber spherical radio telescope, Shanghai light source, fully superconducting Tokamak nuclear fusion Major scientific research infrastructure such as installations has laid an important material and technical basis for China to carry out world-class scientific research.

——We are committed to advancing strategic high-tech research geared to the major needs of the country. Supercomputers have won the top spot in the world for 10 consecutive times. The "Shenwei · Taihu Light" using domestic chips has won the "Gordon Bell" award, the highest award for high-performance computing applications. The manned spaceflight and lunar exploration project achieved important achievements such as the "Tiangong", "Shenzhou", "Chang'e" and "Long March" series. Beidou navigation entered a new era of networking, manned deep diving, deep exploration, domestic aircraft carriers, large-scale Advanced pressurized water reactors and high-temperature gas-cooled reactor nuclear power, natural gas hydrate exploration and development, nano-catalysis, and metal nano-structure materials are entering the world's leading ranks.

——We focus on leading the industry to the mid-to-high end. The Fuxing high-speed train has taken a key step from catching up to leading. Ultra-supercritical coal-fired power generation, UHV power transmission and transformation, hybrid rice, sea rice and other world leaders. Mobile communication, Speech recognition, new energy vehicles, the third-generation nuclear power "Hualong No. 1", and tunneling equipment among the world's forefront. Integrated circuit manufacturing, C919 large passenger aircraft, high-end CNC machine tools, large ship manufacturing equipment, etc. to quickly catch up with the international advanced level, Longmen five axis Machine tools, 80,000 tons of forging presses and other equipment fill a number of domestic gaps, self-developed artificial intelligence deep learning chips for commercial applications, superconducting magnetic resonance and other medical devices to achieve domestic substitution, prevention and control of major infectious diseases and vaccine development And the creation of major new medicines, which have effectively improved the well-being of people.

——We are working hard to improve the national innovation system. National technological innovation centers, national key laboratories and other innovation bases have formed a systematic layout. We have made bold reforms in science and technology plan management, achievement transformation, evaluation and reward, etc., and our corporate innovation subject status and leading role have been significantly enhanced. Accelerating the growth of scientific and technological innovation talents.

——We are working hard to promote the integrated development of economic construction and national defense construction, deepen the reform of the national defense science and technology industrial system, improve the capability of military-civilian collaborative innovation, and improve the military-civilian collaborative innovation mechanism.

Fellow academicians, comrades and friends!

Since the beginning of the 21st century, global scientific and technological innovation has entered an unprecedented period of intensive activity. A new round of technological and industrial revolution is restructuring the global innovation landscape and reshaping the global economic structure. A new generation of information technology represented by artificial intelligence, quantum information, mobile communications, the Internet of Things, and blockchain accelerates breakthrough applications, and new fields such as synthetic biology, gene editing, brain science, and regenerative medicine are breeding new Transformation, advanced manufacturing technologies integrating robotics, digitalization, and new materials are accelerating the transformation of manufacturing to intelligent, service-oriented, and green. Accelerated development of energy technologies with the goal of clean, efficient, and sustainable development will trigger global energy changes, space and oceans. Technology is expanding human survival and development in Xinjiang. In short, original breakthroughs in information, life, manufacturing, energy, space, and oceans provide more sources of innovation for cutting-edge technologies and disruptive technologies, among disciplines, between science and technology, between technology, natural science, and the humanities and society. There is an increasing cross-convergence trend among sciences. Science and technology have never profoundly affected the future and destiny of the country, and have never profoundly affected the people's life and well-being.

At present, there are still some outstanding issues in China's science and technology field that need to be resolved, especially compared with the new tasks and requirements put forward by the 19th National Congress of the CPC. A place to adapt. The shortcomings of China's basic science research are still prominent, enterprises are not paying enough attention to basic research, lack of major original results, insufficient underlying technology, basic process capabilities, industrial motherboards, high-end chips, basic software and hardware, development platforms, basic algorithms, and basic components Bottlenecks such as basic materials are still prominent, and the situation in which key core technologies are constrained by people has not been fundamentally changed. China's technology research and development focus on industrial development bottlenecks and needs are not enough. It is not enough to plan a science and technology open cooperation from a global perspective, and the ability to transform scientific and technological achievements is not strong. China's talent development system and mechanism are not perfect, the incentive mechanism for stimulating talent innovation and creativity is not perfect, and the top talents and teams are relatively lacking. China's science and technology management system cannot yet fully meet the needs of building a strong country in science and technology in the world. Many major decisions on the reform of the science and technology system have yet to form a concerted effort. The integration of science and technology innovation policies with economic and industrial policies is not enough. The whole society encourages innovation and inclusive innovation. And the environment needs to be optimized.

For China to become strong and rejuvenated, it must develop science and technology vigorously and strive to become the world's major scientific center and innovation highland. We are closer to the goal of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation than at any time in history, and we need to build a world power in science and technology more than at any time in history!

Now, we have ushered in a period of historic confluence of a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial change in the world with China's transformation of the development mode. We are facing both a once-in-a-lifetime historical opportunity and a severe challenge of widening the gap. We must be soberly aware that some historical intersection periods may have the same frequency resonance, and some historical intersection periods may pass by.

The situation is pressing, the challenge is pressing, and the mission is pressing. The vast number of science and technology workers in China should grasp the general situation, seize the opportunities, face the problems and face the difficulties, aim at the forefront of the world's science and technology, lead the direction of science and technology development, shoulder the heavy task of history, and be the vanguard of science and technology innovation in the new era.

First, fully recognize that innovation is the first driving force, provide high-quality scientific and technological supplies, and strive to support the construction of a modern economic system. The "Mo Jing" wrote, "Force, the reason why the form also works", that is to say that power is the reason for moving objects. Focusing on improving the quality and efficiency of development, supporting the structural reforms on the supply side as the main line, and improving the quality of the supply system as the main direction of development, promoting the transformation of economic development quality, efficiency, and power, and significantly enhancing China's economic quality advantages. It is necessary to promote shortcomings, tap potential, increase advantages, promote efficient flow of resource elements and optimize resource allocation, promote industrial chain restructuring and value chain upgrade, meet effective demand and potential demand, achieve supply and demand matching and dynamic balanced development, and improve market development expectations. To boost confidence in the development of the real economy.

The world is entering a period of economic development dominated by the information industry. We must seize the opportunity of digital, networked, and intelligent development, and use information and intelligence as levers to cultivate new kinetic energy. It is necessary to give prominence to the leading and pillars, give priority to nurturing and vigorously developing a group of strategic emerging industries clusters, and build new pillars of the industrial system. It is necessary to promote the deep integration of the Internet, big data, and artificial intelligence with the real economy, and make the digital economy bigger and stronger. The main direction of intelligent manufacturing is to promote industrial technology reform and optimization and upgrade, promote the fundamental change of manufacturing industry model and enterprise form, drive "revolution" with "Dingxin", drive stock with increase, and promote China's industry towards global value. High-end in the chain.

Second, persist in independent innovation, strengthen the confidence in innovation, and strive to enhance the ability of independent innovation. Only a confident country and nation can move steadily on the road to the future. The tree is tall and leafy, tied to deep roots. Self-reliance is the starting point for the Chinese nation to stand on its own in the forests of the world's nations. Independent innovation is the only way we can climb the peak of science and technology in the world. "I believe that if it is feasible, then it will be difficult to relocate the mountains and reclaim the sea, and there will be a day of success; if I believe that it is not feasible, then it will be easy and there will be no period of effectiveness." Innovation has always been a life of death, but We must have the pride of "what is good in my heart, even though I have died nine times and never regret it". The vast number of science and technology workers in China must have strong confidence and determination to innovate. They should not be arrogant or arrogant. They should be brave in overcoming difficulties, pursuing excellence, and winning, and actively occupy the commanding heights of technological competition and future development.

Practice has repeatedly told us that the key core technologies are not available, cannot be bought, and cannot be obtained. Only by holding key core technologies in our own hands can we fundamentally guarantee national economic security, national defense security, and other security. We must strengthen the "four self-confidences", take key common technologies, leading-edge technologies, modern engineering technologies, and disruptive technological innovations as breakthroughs, dare to follow the path never before, strive to achieve independent control of key core technologies, and take innovation initiative Power and development initiative are firmly in their own hands.

In order to build a strong country in science and technology in the world, there must be iconic achievements in science and technology. It is necessary to strengthen strategic guidance and target guidance, strengthen the ability of scientific and technological innovation systems, accelerate the construction of first-mover advantages that support high-end leadership, strengthen the research and deployment of scientific issues related to the fundamental and global issues, and work hard in key areas and places where the problem is stuck. Elite forces, make strategic arrangements, make breakthroughs as soon as possible, and strive to achieve the strategic change of China's overall scientific and technological level from running to parallel and leading, becoming a leader in important scientific and technological fields, becoming a pioneer in emerging frontier cross-cutting fields, and creating more Competitive Advantage. Satisfying the people's longing for a better life should be regarded as the foothold of scientific and technological innovation, and benefiting the people, benefiting the people, enriching the people, and improving people's livelihood as the important direction of technological innovation.

Basic research is the source of the entire scientific system. We must aim at the forefront of the world's science and technology, seize the megatrends, play the "first move", lay a good foundation and have a long-term reserve, be willing to sit on the cold bench, be courageous to be a tree planter, dig well, and realize forward-looking basic research and leading original results Major breakthroughs have consolidated the foundations of building a strong country in science and technology in the world. It is necessary to increase the application of basic research, take the promotion of major scientific and technological projects as the starting point, open up the "last mile", dismantle the "fence wall" that hinders industrialization, clear the fast lane of applied basic research and industrialization, and promote the innovation chain and Accurate docking of the industrial chain, accelerating the transformation of scientific research results from samples to products and commodities, and fully applying scientific and technological achievements to modernization.

Engineering technology is the engine of human progress and a powerful lever for industrial revolution, economic development, and social progress. The majority of engineering and scientific workers must have the spirit of craftsmanship and solidarity. Focusing on the major strategic needs of the country, they must target economic engineering and major engineering and technological issues that are related to national security. They must keep abreast of the real needs of people's livelihood and the needs of military-civilian integration in the new era. Accelerate the transformation and application of independent innovation achievements, and take a proactive approach in forward-looking and strategic areas.

Third, comprehensively deepen the reform of the scientific and technological system, improve the effectiveness of the innovation system, and focus on stimulating innovation. Innovation is the decisive factor for the future, and reform is about the National Games. The field of science and technology is the area that needs the most constant reform. On June 9, 2014, I emphasized in the speeches of the academicians of the two academies that to promote independent innovation, the most urgent thing is to remove the obstacles of the system and mechanism, and to emancipate and stimulate the huge potential of science and technology as the first productive force. Focusing on these key tasks, in recent years, we have vigorously promoted the reform of the scientific and technological system. The reform of the scientific and technological system has been comprehensively implemented, with multiple breakthroughs and in-depth development. The main structure of the scientific and technological system reform has been established. Substantial breakthroughs have been made in reforming important areas and key links.

In August 2015, the Party Central Committee and the State Council issued the Implementation Plan for Deepening the Reform of the Science and Technology System, which deployed 143 reform tasks to be completed by 2020, and has now completed more than 110 reform tasks. In the field of science and technology, which has been trying to solve for many years but has not been able to solve the problem, we have made substantial breakthroughs. At the same time, there are still some outstanding problems to be solved in the reform of the scientific and technological system. The main reason is that the overall efficiency of the national innovation system is not strong. The problems of scattered, duplicated, and inefficient scientific and technological innovation resources have not been fundamentally resolved. "The number of brands and brands" is still prominent, the output efficiency of scientific and technological inputs is not high, the ability to transfer and transform scientific and technological achievements, realize industrialization, and create market value is insufficient. The reform of scientific research institutes, the establishment of a sound combination of science and finance and innovative mechanisms The progress of personnel training and other fields lags behind the overall progress, and the enthusiasm of scientific researchers to carry out original scientific and technological innovation has not been fully stimulated, and so on.

This year marks the 40th anniversary of China's reform and opening up. The determination to comprehensively deepen reform in the new era cannot be shaken, and courage cannot be weakened. The reform of the scientific and technological system must be brave enough to be brave, to be involved in dangerous beaches, to overcome obstacles, and to remove all ideological obstacles and institutional barriers that restrict scientific and technological innovation.

We must adhere to the "two-wheel drive" of scientific and technological innovation and system innovation, take the problem as the guide, and demand as the traction, work hard on the practice carrier, system arrangement, policy guarantee, and environment creation, and on the subject of innovation, the foundation of innovation, the resources for innovation, and the environment for innovation We will continue to make efforts to strengthen national strategic scientific and technological strength and improve the overall efficiency of the national innovation system. It is necessary to optimize and strengthen the top-level design of the technological innovation system, to clarify the functional positioning of the main players of innovation in enterprises, universities, and research institutes in different links of the innovation chain, and to stimulate the passion and vitality of various types of subjects for innovation. It is necessary to accelerate the transformation of government science and technology management functions and give full play to organizational advantages.

The enterprise is the main body of innovation and the new force to promote innovation and creation. As Engels said: "Once society has a technical need, this need will be able to push science forward more than ten universities." To promote enterprises to become technological innovation decision-making, research and development investment, research organization and the transformation of results Main body, cultivate a group of innovative leading enterprises with outstanding core technological capabilities and strong integrated innovation capabilities. It is necessary to give play to the guiding role of the market in the direction of technological research and development, route selection, factor prices, and the allocation of various innovative elements, so that the market can really play a decisive role in the allocation of innovative resources. It is necessary to improve long-term mechanisms such as policy support, factor inputs, incentive guarantees, and service supervision to drive the vigorous development of new technologies, new products, and new business formats. It is necessary to accelerate the transformation and application of innovation results, thoroughly clear the checkpoints, and crack the bottleneck of achieving “one-stop” transformation of technological breakthroughs, product manufacturing, market models, and industrial development.

It is necessary to build national laboratories with high standards, and promote the overall planning and optimization of large science plans, large science projects, large science centers, and international science and technology innovation bases. It is necessary to accelerate the establishment of scientific and technological decision-making mechanisms for scientific and technological consulting to support administrative decision-making, pay attention to the role of think tanks and professional research institutions, improve scientific and technological decision-making mechanisms, and improve scientific decision-making capabilities. It is necessary to accelerate the establishment of a military-civilian integration development system, improve the military-civilian integration management system, work operation system, and policy system, and remove obstacles such as "citizens joining the army" and "transition of military forces to civilians." It is necessary to increase the enforcement of intellectual property protection and improve the intellectual property service system.

On May 30, 2016, I emphasized in my speeches at the National Science and Technology Innovation Conference, the Academicians of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and the Ninth National Congress of the Chinese Association of Science and Technology that we must focus on reforming and innovating the use and management of scientific research funds, so that funds are made for people. The creative activities serve, but not the creative activities of the people. They should be funded; reform the scientific and technological evaluation system, establish a classification and evaluation system oriented to the quality, contribution, and performance of scientific and technological innovation, and correctly evaluate the scientific, technological, and economic value of scientific and technological innovation achievements. Value, social value, cultural value. We have successively introduced several important reform programs, including the "Program on Deepening the Management Reform of the Central Financial Science and Technology Plan (Special Funds, Funds, etc.)", "Several Opinions on Further Improving the Fund Management Policy of the Central Financial Scientific Research Projects", "On the Implementation of "Several Opinions on the Distribution Policy Guided by Increasing Knowledge Value", "Guiding Opinions on Classifiedly Promoting the Reform of the Talent Evaluation Mechanism", and "Programs on Deepening the Reform of the Science and Technology Reward System" have been warmly welcomed by the majority of scientific and technological workers. Everyone reports that there is still room for improvement in these reforms, and some have not been fully implemented. Relevant departments must carefully listen to everyone's opinions and suggestions and continue to resolutely push people's creative activities out of irrational fund management and talent evaluation systems. Liberate.

Fourth, we will deeply participate in global science and technology governance, contribute Chinese wisdom, and work hard to build a community of shared future for humanity. Science and technology are world-wide and time-critical. The development of science and technology must have a global perspective. Do not reject the crowd, Fang is Jianghai. Independent innovation is innovation in an open environment. It must not be done behind closed doors. It is necessary to deepen international scientific and technological exchanges and cooperation, promote independent innovation at a higher starting point, proactively deploy and actively use international innovation resources, and strive to build a win-win cooperative partnership to jointly deal with future development, food security, energy security, human health, and climate change. Waiting for the common challenge of mankind, while realizing its own development, it will benefit more countries and people and promote balanced development worldwide.

We must persist in planning and promoting scientific and technological innovation from a global perspective, strengthen international scientific and technological innovation cooperation in an all-round way, actively integrate into the global scientific and technological innovation network, improve the level of opening up of national scientific and technological plans, actively participate in and lead international scientific plans and projects, and encourage Chinese scientists to initiate And organize international scientific and technological cooperation programs. It is necessary to build the “Belt and Road” into a road of innovation, to jointly build science and technology innovation alliances and science and technology innovation bases for countries along the route, and to create opportunities and platforms for the common development of all countries. It is necessary to make the best use of global innovation resources, comprehensively enhance China's position in the global innovation landscape, and increase China's influence and rule-making ability in global science and technology governance.

Fifth, firmly establish the strategic position of talent-led development, gather talents in an all-round way, and focus on consolidating the talent base for innovation and development. Success comes from success. People are the most precious of all things in the world, and all innovations are made by people. Hard power and soft power, in the final analysis, depend on the strength of talents. All the history of science and technology proves that whoever has first-class innovative talents and first-class scientists can have an advantage in scientific and technological innovation. At present, China's high-level innovative talents are still insufficient, especially the lack of leading talents in science and technology. The talent evaluation system is unreasonable. The phenomenon of only papers, professional titles, and academic qualifications is still serious. A large number of evaluations and evaluations make science and technology workers overwhelmed. Talent "hats" are flying around. The talent management system does not meet the requirements of scientific and technological innovation. law. It is necessary to innovate the talent evaluation mechanism, establish and improve a science and technology talent evaluation system oriented to innovation ability, quality, and contribution, and form and implement an evaluation system that is conducive to the research and innovation of science and technology talents. Pay attention to the combination of personal evaluation and team evaluation, and respect and acknowledge the actual contributions of all participants in the team. It is necessary to improve the science and technology reward system, so that outstanding scientific and technological innovation talents can get a reasonable return, and release the innovative vitality of various talents. Reforms should be adopted to change the practice of labeling talents with "permanent cards" based on static evaluation results, and to change the practice of treating papers, patents, and funding as one-sided talent evaluation standards. We must not allow red tape to tie up the hands and feet of scientists. Infinite reports and approvals delay the energy of scientists!

The only way to innovate is to win people. If you want to win, you will have to save it. We must create a good environment for innovation, accelerate the formation of a cultivation mechanism conducive to talent growth, a mechanism that is conducive to the best use of people, an incentive mechanism that is conducive to competing and growing, and a competitive mechanism that is conducive to the development of talents. Fertile soil, so that the talent root system is more developed, one by one to thrive. It is necessary to respect the law of talent growth, resolve the structural contradictions of the talent team, build a comprehensive talent ladder structure, and cultivate a large number of internationally-level strategic scientific and technological talents, scientific and technological leading talents, young scientific and technological talents, and innovation teams. It is necessary to strengthen talent investment, optimize talent policies, create a policy environment conducive to innovation and entrepreneurship, build an effective mechanism for attracting talents, and form a world of innovation where talents gather in China and all kinds of frosts compete freely!

Fellow academicians, comrades and friends!

The Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering are the highest academic institutions in the national science and technology community and the engineering science and technology community. For a long time, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering have led the majority of science and technology workers, including academicians, with the mission of achieving the prosperity of the country, the rejuvenation of the nation, and the happiness of the people. The breakthrough has made outstanding contributions to the development of science and technology in China. The Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering should continue to play the role of national strategic scientific and technological forces, and work together with the national scientific and technological forces to grasp the development trend of the world's science and technology, focus on building a world science and technology power, keenly grasp the direction of the scientific and technological revolution, vigorously promote the development of science and technology, and bravely climb science and technology peak.

Chinese Academy of Sciences and Chinese Academy of Engineering are national high-end think tanks. Over the years, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Chinese Academy of Engineering focused on major strategic issues related to national economy and the people's livelihood, closely linked to the new national development strategy, new situation and new needs, and organized academicians to conduct strategic consulting work, which was highly recognized by the Party Central Committee. I have read a lot of opinions and suggestions submitted by the academicians of the two houses, and I have been deeply impressed. It is necessary to continue to give full play to the intellectual superiority of the academician group, carry out forward-looking, targeted, and reserve strategic research, improve comprehensive research and judgment and strategic planning capabilities, put forward professional, constructive, and practical opinions and suggestions to promote scientific decision-making for the party and the country. , Democratic decision-making, decision-making in accordance with the law, and contribute to the wisdom and strength of the modernization of the national governance system and capacity!

Fellow academicians, comrades and friends!

"Fan Shuang is full of hard work and spilled over Qianfeng Qiuye Dan." The academicians of the two houses are the wealth of the country, the pride of the people, and the glory of the nation. For a long time, generation after generation of scientists with deep patriotism, with profound academic accomplishments and broad scientific perspectives, have made great contributions to the motherland and the people. The monuments of technological innovation on the land of the motherland condense the efforts and sweat of the vast number of academicians. Many of our academicians have the deep feelings of "the world is worried and the world is happy and the world is happy", and they are all national heroes who "keep the world moving and become incognito".

One generation has one generation of struggle, one era has one era's responsibility. Honor means responsibility and responsibility, and the party and people have ardent expectations for the academicians. The tide of technological innovation is surging, and Qianfan competes for the brave. I hope that the academicians will carry forward the glorious tradition of serving the country with science, pursue the truth, the scientific spirit of climbing the peak, be brave in innovation, rigorous and realistic academic atmosphere, consciously integrate personal ideals into the great cause of national development, and work hard at the forefront of science, and continue to obtain in major scientific and technological fields breakthrough.

The ancients said: "People must love themselves and others will love them; they must respect themselves and others will respect them." I hope that the majority of academicians will be good and virtuous, cultivate and practice the core values of socialism, and adhere to the academic title of academicians. The essence of honor, spreading truth, spreading true knowledge, advocating morality and being good, seeing ethics and thinking together, speaking as a scholar, acting as a model of behavior, bringing post-learning, and being a human ladder, establishing a good moral fashion in the whole society. It is necessary to give play to the guiding role of the academician system to gather talents and gather intelligence, and to reduce talents eclecticly, so that the academician system becomes a powerful positive energy to guide the healthy growth of China's scientific and technological innovation talents!

Party committees and governments at all levels should be politically concerned, supportive in work, and caring about their lives, and be good ministers of logistics. We must do a good job of retired academicians, ensure their treatment and courtesy, and encourage them to continue to play their role. The academicians who hope to retreat will continue to teach science as teachers, carry forward their scientific spirit, and actively contribute to the development of the country, and contribute wisdom to scientific and technological progress, if physical conditions permit.

Fellow academicians, comrades and friends!

The leadership of the Communist Party of China is the fundamental political guarantee for the continuous advancement of scientific and technological innovation with Chinese characteristics. We must uphold and strengthen the party's leadership in science and technology, adhere to the correct political direction, and mobilize the entire party and society as a whole to work hard to achieve the goal of building a strong country in science and technology in the world. Party committees at all levels, governments, and departments and units must unify their thinking and actions into the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the CPC and the central government's deployment of scientific and technological undertakings, and earnestly implement the work.

Leading cadres at all levels must strengthen their learning and practice, improve their scientific literacy, be good leaders and become experts, and constantly strengthen their leadership and the ability to promote scientific and technological innovation. It is necessary to respect the laws of scientific research, the rules of scientific research management, the opinions of scientific researchers, and create a good environment for scientific and technological workers and serve scientific and technological innovation.

Youth is the future of the motherland, the hope of the nation, and the future of innovation. The younger generation has ideals, skills, and responsibilities, science and technology have a future, and innovation has hope. "The talented people, the more they seek, the more they become scarce." It is hoped that the academicians will care about and care for young talents, take discovery and training of young talents as an important responsibility, and provide more opportunities and greater opportunities for young talents to display their talents. stage. Party committees and governments at all levels must use talented young people with the wisdom of talent, the sincerity of love, the courage to use talents, the grace of talents, and the recipe for gathering talents. Let them use outstanding young talents to pave the way for them to become successful. Thoughts, feelings, responsibilities, and responsible socialist builders and successors.

When scientists are the dreams of countless Chinese children, we must make science and technology work an attractive job and a career that children respect and aspire to, and put the wings of science and technology on children ’s dreams, so that the future of the motherland of science and technology can be glorified. The vast starry sky of future science shines!

Fellow academicians, comrades and friends!

The course of socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era has been clear. The great ship of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation is advancing by the wind and waves. Let us unite more closely, strengthen our confidence, overcome difficulties, and march forward towards the great goal of building a strong country in science and technology in the world!




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